'Action 14f13'

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From 1941 to 1944, Hartheim Castle was a place where the so-called 'Action 14f13' was carried out. Within the scope of this campaign, prisoners from concentration camps who were sick and no longer able to work were taken to euthanasia centres after being 'assessed' by a board of physicians and gassed.

 

Prisoners from the concentration camps in Dachau, Mauthausen and Gusen were killed at Hartheim Castle. Some of them were transported using busses from the concentration camps, whereas others were taken in special 'Action T4' busses. The victims were once again presented to a physician in Hartheim, but this was simply a pretence to look for dental gold.

 

Hartheim Castle only served as the place of execution, but the entire administrative process ran via the administrative offices of the concentration camps.

 

Approximately 12,000 people were murdered at Hartheim Castle within the scope of this campaign.